Weekly Assignment #12 (try again)

Since I never did really post the assignment last week, we’ll fold it over into this week’s. Please find two books (monographs or edited books) related to your topic and post them, with annotations, as comments to this post. Thanks.



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18 responses to “Weekly Assignment #12 (try again)

  1. Eric Gerson

    Friedman, Lawrence S. Understanding Cynthia Ozick. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1991.
    Friedman’s book on Ozick’s literature contains an entire chapter focusing on the five fictions of Levitation: Five Fictions. Friedman examines the notion of separation apparent in the Feingold’s marriage in relation to the separation of the Jewish religion to Jewish mysticism; something in which Ozick vehemently argues. Additionally, the levitation of Lucy?s husband Jimmy, and the other Jews in the living room represent, as Friedman defines it, the ‘final separation – idolator from monotheist, Gentile from Jew – the meaning of ‘Levitation'” (126). Friedman’s contribution to my analysis of Ozick’s work is most prominent in his perception of “Puttermesser and Xanthippe.” Puttermesser’s creation of the Golem Xanthippe represents a genre of “fantasy,” which Friedman posits as “a means of self-definition” (133). In my argument that Ozick’s works reflect her desire to break free from the anti-feminist image of the woman as wife or mother, Friedman’s discussion of Puttermesser’s childlessness is most helpful. Puttermesser, already forty-six in “Puttermesser and Xanthippe,” is single and childless. As a “free” woman, Puttermesser reflects Ozick’s ideal woman. However, ever the parodist, Ozick personifies Puttermesser as unsuccessful and alone. Her relationship with Morris Turkletoyb ends due to Puttermesser’s desire to read rather than have sex, and her professional life begins to dwindle following her breakup. Only when Puttermesser creates Xanthippe, her “surrogate daughter” (Friedman 134), can Puttermesser achieve the respectable position of Mayor of New York. In this manner, Ozick is satirically suggesting that a woman cannot become a useful member of society until they have performed their biological duties of motherhood.
    Lowin, Joseph. Cynthia Ozick. Ed. Warren French. Boston: Twayne, 1988.
    Joseph Lowin’s book about Ozick’s work devotes the fifth chapter to “Levitation,” along with “The Pagan Rabbi” (one of the few short stories by Ozick I will not examine). Lowin describes one of the main themes of “Levitation,” that of the tediousness of writers writing about writers, to be a contradiction. Lowin states that, “(the contradiction) create an uncanny effect of mirroring, where the mirrors do not so much reflect reality but refract it, causing a feeling of reverberation, of shimmering” (74). Lowin further claims that “Levitation” represents the “Jewish fantastic,” because the story follows the lives of ordinary people who throw a party for mediocre guests, which becomes a story about the “extraordinary” when the Jews in the living room levitate (75). Grounded in the fantastic aspects of the story is the Jewish symbolism that I will discuss in my first chapter. Lowin illustrates the significance of the “triptych” that Lucy’s apartment represents when throwing the party. The Jews are in one room, the atheists in another, and the central hall of the apartment is empty. Through Lucy’s eyes, as an outsider to each section of the triptych, the reader sees the relevance of Ozick’s inclusion of the triptych. For the Jews to levitate in one room, while the atheists discuss art in another, Ozick is expressing the “essential contradiction between Judaism and Christianity ? she is positing a fundamental difference between Western and Jewish storytelling” (77). I will tie Lowen?s analysis to my contention concerning Ozick’s desire to escape literary convention, and find her own voice. There is a fundamental difference between Western and Jewish storytelling, and thus Ozick is trying to establish that though there is a difference between male and female Jewish-American fiction, the connection they possess, much like the connection of the triptych, represents the need for Jewish-American fiction to accept the art and contributions of women to both the literary and theological aspects of Judaism.

  2. Rob Phillips

    Arnold, Edwin T and Dianne C. Luce, eds. Perspectives on Cormac McCarthy. Jackson:
    UP of Mississippi, 1993; rev. ed. 1999.
    Both editors contribute to this collection of essays, which tend to emphasize McCarthy?s novels with western settings, though the works with southern settings and the author?s plays are certainly not excluded. Since the original publication of this collection, the scholars and their appraisals have become standards in the McCarthy field, making this collection indispensable for anyone conducting research on Cormac McCarthy. Thomas Young?s essay on Suttree, which is of particular interest to me, explores the massive changes taking place in Knoxville as southern traditions are abandoned to the encroaching city and the protagonist?s peculiar reaction to those changes. Though this revised edition makes no substantive changes that impact my research on Suttree, the updates enlarge the growing field of study and demonstrate the continuing and growing interest in McCarthy?s body of work.
    Hall, Wade and Rick Wallach, eds. Sacred Violence: A Reader?s Companion to Cormac
    McCarthy. El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1995. 2nd ed. titled Sacred Violence. 2
    vols. Vol. 1: Cormac McCarthy?s Appalachian Works. Vol. 2: Cormac
    McCarthy?s Western Novels. 2002.
    The initial version of this collection, which emerged as an outgrowth of the first conference devoted to the literary output of Cormac McCarthy, has grown into a two-volume collection, with the first volume treating the Appalachian/southern works and the second treating the western works. This structural approach offers a reasonable organizational methodology, though the necessity of a two-volume edition of this collection questionable. This collection, like Perspectives, is an indispensable resource for McCarthy scholars and the strength of scholarship is undeniable. Many of the same voices sound off in this collection. Though Mike Gibson?s interviews with McCarthy?s Knoxville buddies lend some helpful insight into the artistic process of the enigmatic McCarthy, for the purposes of my research, Butterworth?s ?Pearls as Swine: Recentering the Marginal in Cormac McCarthy?s Suttree? is definitely the most interesting essay of the collection. As Butterworth?s title suggests, McCarthy demonstrates an interest in characters marginalized by the institutional structures of society and ?recenters,? to an extent, these maligned characters.

  3. Sophie Honeycutt

    Nelson, Jane, and Kathy Evertz, eds. The Politics of Writing Centers. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers, 2001.
    This book of essays focuses on postmodern issues of writing center practice, abandoning the overwrought topic of theoretical basis. Chapters bring up the most recent complaints of administrators and tutors and search for solutions. A section devoted to conversation politics includes pieces concerning the role of metaphor, and the role of the peer tutor. Fischer and Harris? article is particularly enlightening, with its discussion of mixed perceptions of the center leading to mixed metaphors, which in turn cause even more misperception. Carol Peterson Haviland?s essay on the taxing decision administrators face when deciding where to seek sponsorship and shelter challenges accepted notions and suggests innovative action. The second section concerns the desire for accreditation, the pursuit of a fitting physical locale, the growth of associations, and problems with outsourcing. Nelson?s Politics gives a valuable postmodern look at how writing centers are doing and what they can do to change for the better.
    Wallace, Ray and Jeanne Simpson, eds. The Writing Center: New Directions. New York: Garland, 1991.
    The first book of writing center scholarship published in ten years, New Directions confronts issues of recognizing new responsibilities and practices based on theory shifts. Most of the authors are center directors themselves, and almost every chapter explains the journey of a center from unknown entity to busy, fully functional site of writing help. New Directions talks about new ideas for expansion and improvement of the writing across the curriculum program based on tangible examples of writing center struggle and/or success. Each chapter tackles a big concept, such as subject positions or classroom environment; these topics broaden in the years to come and entire library shelves are devoted to each one. In 1991, however, many of these concepts were just beginning to be contemplated, and Wallace and Simpson?s book evoked substantial interest.

  4. Leah White

    Coates, J. (1993). Women, Men, and Language: A Sociolinguistic Account of Gender Differences in Language (2nd ed.). London: Longman.
    Since I have already brought up this book twice, I figured I should probably use it in this assignment. I mentioned it when writing about experts, one of mine being Jennifer Coates, and without realizing it, used it again for the last assignment when we had to look for book reviews. Anyway, it just seems like this is a really great resource for my topic. It has three sections: Introductory, The Sociolinguistic Evidence, and Causes and Consequences. The first section deals with history and background info, the second with actual studies and things that have been proven, and the third with points of interest and things that should be dealt with in studies. As I learned from the book reviews, it has been well received and is quite accessible to the reader while still dealing with the issues well.
    Coates, J. (Ed.). (1998). Language and Gender: A Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This collection of essays seems to have quite a bit of information in it. It has essays by many linguists both in sociolinguistics and gender studies whose work I have found useful for this, including Peter Trudgill, Penny Eckert, Deborah Tannen, Jenny Cheshire, and Coates herself. The reader is broken down into eight sections, including things as diverse as differences in pronunciation and grammar, women’s talk in the public domain, whether gender or power affect language use more, and gender differences with regard to same-sex talk. I am really interested in reading some of these essays, even though some of them appear to be relatively old in terms of scientific age (i.e. from the 1970s). “Communities of Practice: Where Language, Gender, and Power All Live” (Penny Eckert and Sally McConnell-Ginet), “Women’s Talk: The Question of Sociolinguistic Universals” (Janet Holmes), and “A Cultural Approach to Male-Female Miscommunication” (Daniel N. Maltz and Ruth A. Borker) are just a few of the important articles in the reader, many of which have contributed to the growth of the field of language and gender. This book tends to focus on English and Western culture, but that is not a huge issue for me since I would be working mostly with the English language anyway.

  5. Mary Kohn

    Wolfram, Walt; Natalie Schilling-Estes. 2006. American English: Dialects and Variation.
    Second Edition, 25, Language in Society. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This introductory textbook provides a quick reference point to different types of variation in American Speech. I chose to annotate this later edition due to the much expanded section on Latino English. As this text is designed as an introduction, however, it should not necessarily be a primary source. The book does lead the reader to studies of major importance on the various topics in the book.
    Fought, Carmen. 2005. Language and Ethnicity: Key Topics in Sociolinguistics.
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Begining with an explanation on the limitations of defining ethnicity, Fought gracefully presents a difficult subject in an easily readible manner. Covering such topics as crossing, AAVE, ChE, interethnic communication, sociolinguistic variation, discourse and pragmatics, Fought gives a great overview of the history and present study of ethnicity and language. That being said, the suggested readings in each chapter could be more extensive.

  6. Lorian Long

    Schuster, Charles I and William V. Van Pelt, eds. Speculations: Readings in Culture, Identity, and Values. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1996.
    A collection of essays exploring themes of race, sexual identities, feminism, rape, and sexual relationships in a postmodern world. Authors include: Camille Paglia, Jamaica Kincaid, bell hooks, and Mary Gaitskill. Gaitskill’s essay, “On Not Being a Victim,” is useful for my research on masochism within Ms. Gaitskill’s work. The essay deals with Gaitskill’s own rape experiences and the experiences of her masochistic female literary characters.
    Hendin, Josephine G. Heartbreakers: Women and Violence in Contemporary Culture and Literature. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2004.
    “Hendin offers an intriguing and comprehensive study of violent women, their motivations, the conditions that provoke them and the feelings of fear, anger and erotic desire they can inspire in others. Though wordy, hyper-detailed prose and an overflow of academic theory on political, social and gender studies slow the book’s pace in sections, the author persuasively argues that violent women “highlight and dramatize the pressures on women who are not violent and on a culture still absorbing their changing roles.” A professor of English and Italian-American studies at New York University, Hendin is at her best when analyzing specific cases-from mythology, film, fiction, poetry and contemporary society-and when discussing how these women can make both conservatives and liberals uneasy. From the Lorena Bobbitts and Susan Smiths who maim or kill their lovers or relatives to the Bonnie Parkers and Lynette Frommes who wreak terror on strangers, the dangerous dames that populate this book use violence for numerous and often contradictory reasons. Motivated by egotism, rage, sorrow or self-hatred, they may try to show their strength by killing off their weaker-and more traditionally feminine-characteristics, like vulnerability and passivity, or they may rebel against a patriarchal society in which the subjugation and abuse of women seems to be condoned. With her background in literature, Hendin brings more insight to her analyses of books and poetry than she does to her coverage of films and news media.”
    –Publishers Weekly.

  7. Carrie Spruill

    1. Kolin, Philip C., ed. Titus Andronicus: Critical essays. New York : Garland Pub., 1995.
    In this edited collection, Kolin approaches critical study of the play chronologically, presenting a survey of essays from the 1940’s to the present. Earlier pieces are concerned with issues such as authorship of the play and its classical motifs. Later works, reflecting modern theories in literary criticism, tend to emphasize the play’s Roman elements. Gail Paster Kern is one of the well-known scholars who contributes to this perspective. Other modern essays focus on issues of feminism in Titus Andronicus. The breadth of subject matter in this text permits a wide variety of applications.
    2. Batchelor, Tom, Tom Cain, and Claire Lamont. Shakespearean continuities: essays in honour of E.A.J. Honigmann. New York : St. Martin’s Press, 1997.
    In this collection of essays, eminent Shakespeare scholars present papers questioning the typically accepted chronology of their plays and suggesting previously overlooked sources for their inspiration. For instance, in an essay on Titus Andronicus, Michael Pincombe asserts that the motif of the woods originates not from Ovid but from Seneca. In their unique perspectives on the biographical and textual inspirations for Shakespeare’s dramas, the authors reflect Honigmann’s own unique, unorthodox approach.

  8. April Swarey

    I have been researching the novel Anti-Pamela and the following two books have been particularly helpful:
    Ingrassia, Catherine. Authorship, Commerce, and Gender in Early Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
    This work considers the work of female authors and bookshop owners in eighteenth-century England, which is the time period of Eliza Haywood, author of Anti-Pamela. Of particular interest to me was the account of Eliza Haywood’s arrest for sedition and her brief imprisonment because her female friends did not have the resources to help her.Haywood was not alone, but her friends lacked the clout men would have enjoyed a the time. Ingrassia is primarily concerned with the survival of literary women in a hostile patriarchal society, which helps me to understand how and why Anti-Pamela was written.
    Pettit, Alexander ed. Selected Works of Eliza Haywood Set I, Volume I. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2000. This book is valuable for the introduction to Haywood’s works, which is a concise biography of Haywood’s life. It destroys the myths surrounding Haywood’s life by providing evidence that she did not abandon her elderly husband and that she did indeed have children according to church records. It is essential to my understanding of Haywood’s life and her decisions in the literary marketplace.

  9. Robyn Leigh Youngs

    Lewis, C.S. The Allegory of Love. New York:
    Oxford University Press, 1958.
    This is a brilliant book on the roots of courtly love. Since my topic involves a 16th-Century Love Sonnet Sequence, it is quite helpful to have explanations about how the meanings of “love” changed throughout the centuries. It begins with medieval “courtly” love, and ends with Edmund Spenser’s Amoretti in the 16th-Century. Sidney is not a large part of the work, but it is helpful and interesting to decide for myself exactly how Astrophil and Stella fits the traditional definitions of courtly love.
    Lewis, C.S. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance
    I chose C.S. Lewis for both of my books, since he has the most astute commentary on both Medieval and Renaissance literature that I’ve read. In this particular book (which is a book of different articles by C.S. Lewis), he discusses the same time periods as the above book. However, these chapters are not strictly limited to the subject of love. It instead expands upon different spiritual, political, and allegorical themes common to Renaissance Literature, and uses specific examples to illustrate his assertions.

  10. Daniela Newland

    Chandler, Raymond. _Selected Letters of Raymond Chandler._ Ed. Frank MacShane. New York: Columbia UP, 1981.
    This collection contains letters from 1937 through 1959, very shortly before Chandler’s death. Chandler is a new name for those who have been reading my entries; well, I am comparing Dashiell Hammett’s _Red Harvest_ to Chandlers “Red Wind.” I have not been able to find any criticism on the latter, so I turned to Chandler’s letters hoping that he would reference it. He did not. Instead, I looked for “clues” in the letters that I could use to explain Chandler’s attitue towards the police or violence. I found the following letters helpful:
    “To Carl Brandt.” 12 Nov. 1948.
    “To William Gault.” 31 March 1957.
    “To Charles Morton.” 12 Oct. 1944.
    The letters to Morton and Brandt reveil Chandler’s rather cynical attitude towards the police; he thought them corrupted and eager to please certain local authorities. In the letter to Gault, Chandler mentions his bewilderment at occurrences of teenage violence in La Jolla and London. While the letters were written years after the story, I used them because they show that Chandler had been preoccupied with those issues earlier; enough to weave them into his fiction writing.
    Marling, William. _Raymond Chandler._ Boston: Twayne, 1986.
    Marling has written extensively about Chandler and Hammett, and I picked this book because it contained the only reference to “Red Wind” that I was able to find. The reference is limited to two paragraphs that summarize the story, and the sole reason I used it for my paper was this sentence: “Having had success with unseasonable rain as a setting, Chandler set this story during the rasping hot Santa Ana winds of May, thought to promote irritability and crime” (65). It does not prove anything, but it shows that Chandler experimented with different settings to create a backdrop for certain crimes or violent behavior. In “Red Wind,” the wind serves both as a cause of and a metaphor for violence.

  11. James Phillips

    Vaughn, Alden T., and Edward W. Clark, eds. Puritans among the Indians: Accounts of Captivity and Redemption 1676-1724. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.
    Vaughn and Clark?s selection of captivity narratives for this anthology narrows the scope of the genre to highlight an interesting group of texts. According to the editors, this work, ??presents the captivity narrative at its peak as an American literary phenomenon and as an important expression of Puritan theological and social thought.? The range of narratives span from the more recognizable accounts of Mary Rowlandson and John Williams to the lesser known, but equally interesting, stories of Quentin Stockwell and John Gyles. The individual narratives are preceded by short introductions by the editors that impart historical context and publishing history. ?Cup of Common Calamity: Puritan Captivity Narratives as Literature and History,? precedes all of the narratives as an introduction to the entire anthology and is a necessary essay for reading the Puritan captivity narrative as it provides key religious and geopolitical details.
    Derounian-Stodola, Kathryn Zabelle, ed. Women?s Indian Captivity Narratives. New
    York: Penguin, 1998.
    In this anthology, editor Derounian-Stodola explores the captivity narrative genre by compiling accounts exclusive to women captives. As she writes in her preface, ??the Indian captivity narrative is arguably the first American literary form dominated by women?s experience as captives, storytellers, writers and readers.? The narratives included in this collection begin with Mary Rowlandson?s 1682 narrative and conclude with Emeline L. Fuller?s 1892 account. The large historical swatch of women?s Indian captivity narratives included in this anthology collectively represent what Derounian-Stodola cites in her introduction as the ?three distinct phases? of the Indian captivity narrative genre: ?authentic religious accounts in the seventeenth century, propagandist and stylistically embellished texts in the eighteenth century, and outright works of fiction in the late eighteenth and into the nineteenth centuries.? In the introduction, Derounian-Stodola also addresses several critical concerns about women?s Indian captivity narratives such why women were captured and whether or not rape was an issue. This anthology is a good resource that correlates the genre of the captivity narrative with women?s studies.

  12. Blake Wilder

    Atkinson, Ted. Faulkner and the Great Depression: Aesthetics, Ideology and Culture. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2006.
    This work takes the oeuvre of Faulkner and applies a properly Marxist approach, one that follows the model set out by Frederick Jameson in The Political Unconscious to highlight the social context in which the works were written and illustrate the narratives as referential and symbolic acts. Organized around themes, such as the Great Depression, Fascism, and Power, rather than particular works Atkinson crafts an analysis that not only illuminates Faulkner?s work but also illustrates the continued relevance of understanding them. By regarding the works as cultural artifacts rather than literature. Atkinson often transforms Faulkner?s lesser novels ?from literary ?trash? into something of a cultural treasure? (222).
    Yamguchi, Ryuichi. Faulkner’s Artistic Vision: The Bizarre and the Terrible. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson Univesity Press, 2004.
    This work is features nine chapters each organized around a particular novel, all four of the Faulkner?s ?masterpieces? are presents, accompanied by some of his lesser works. Yamaguchi follows Faulkner?s self-professed focus on conflict and examines how the interplay between the comic and the tragic enriches Faulkner?s texts. His analysis is highly imaginative and wide-ranging, engendering a lively discourse. His closing chapter on Absalom, Absalom!, which reads the narrative structure in light of the tall tale idiom, is particularly engaging and fruitful to examinations of the Faulkner?s unique sense of narrative.

  13. Anonymous

    Vollmann, William. Expelled from Eden, A William T. Vollmann Reader. ed. Larry McCaffery and Michael Hemmingson. New York, Avalon Press: 2004.
    This Vollmann reader, edited by Larry McCaffery has papers, interviews, documents, etc. from Vollmann. Although it doesn’t run through the publication of Europe Central, it includes some documents from Europe Central, as it was a work in progress at the time Expelled from Eden was being collected.
    Vollmann, William. Rising Up and Rising Down. San Francisco, McSweeney’s Books: 2003.
    Rising Up and Rising down is a seven volume treatise on violence, edited by Vollmann, where he attempts to illustrate when or if violence is justifiable. This is usefully applied to the book I am focusing on, Europe Central, because the narrators, who are sometimes unreliable, repond to violence in various ways. When Vollmann’s theories on violence are applied to Europe Central, it is sometimes more clear what his intentions are from passage to passage.

  14. Jason Jefferies

    The post above is mine. Thanks!

  15. Ashley Merrill

    MacLeod, Anne Scott. “Nancy Drew and Her Rivals: No Contest.” American Childhood: Essays on Children’s Literature of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994. 30-48.
    This essay, as its title implies, contrasts Nancy Drew with the multitude of other heroines of girls’ series, emphasizing the fact that none of her competitors ever managed to gain any market share on Nancy. MacLeod partially bases this success on the fact that Nancy Drew Mystery Stories are just that: mysteries, not romance-and-mystery, not career-woman-and-mystery. Nancy is a strong, successful girl who manages to be what every girl wishes she could be; she has caring friends, a doting father, and a boyfriend who exists merely because, as MacLeod puts it, Nancy has to have the attributes that every girl wants to have. Nancy doesn’t need the men in her life, and she transcends the confines of gender roles to succeed at everything she attempts. Nancy, McLeod says, is “a dazzling creation wrapped in a cloak of such thick conventionality that neither author nor readers were ever obliged to look directly at its light.” That light is what makes Nancy surpass all her competitors, both in form and in market share.
    Sunstein, Bonnie S. “‘Reading’ the Stories of Reading: Nancy Drew Testimonials.” Rediscovering Nancy Drew. Ed. Carolyn Stewart Dyer and Nancy Tillman Romalov. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1995. 95-112.
    This chapter is basically a collection of reader responses to Nancy Drew: why she is important to readers, what they liked about her, why they kept reading her. That basic question (why Nancy Drew?) is an important question to the readers and writers of Nancy Drew and, more directly, the authors and readers of Nancy Drew fanfiction. Fanfiction seeks to take the original and change it in some very basic way, while keeping faithful to its spirit. Readers and writers of fanfiction answer that question with some variation of “Because she is great… but I can see her being so much more.” The readers quoted in the chapter also talk about the “Nancy they remember” from their childhoods and thus give a thumbnail sketch of Nancy’s evolution, which is my basic topic.

  16. Kimberly Wine

    Trethewey, Angela Christine. _Discourse, resistance, and identity: A postmodern feminist analysis of a human service organization_. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University, 1994.
    A neomarxist/feminist analysis of social and commercial organization within the human-services. Offers a postmodern feminist discourse-analysis of political and social resistance, and identity politics.
    McComiskey, Bruce. _Postmodern cultural studies and the politics of writing instruction_ [doctoral thesis] West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University, 1994.
    A postmodern cultural critique of ideological and socio-political practices with the composition classroom. Explores issues of representation, power, and questions what writing means within the framework of a social democracy.
    Ebert, Teresa L. “The ‘difference’ of postmodern feminism” College English v53.8. pp. 886-904. 1991
    A histrographic analysis of feminism and postmodern theory. Offers a ludic commentary on feminist issues of resistance, patriarchy, gender, and difference through the postmodern lens. Discusses postmodern concepts of differance, identity, binary construction, and the essentialized idea of l’ecriture feminine from a materialist perspective.

  17. James Sellers

    Chambers, J.K. and Peter Trudgill. (1998). Dialectology (2nd Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a primer on dialectology. It begins by discussing the theoretical background and history of dialect study and description, then goes on into the mechanics of a dialectology study. It explains factors that influence variation that can be studied as well as discussing several common types of variation and language spread.
    Thomas, Erik R. (2001). An Acoustic Analysis of Vowel Variation in New World English. Durham: Duke University Press.
    This book is a research tool that shows vowel formant plots for common dialectal varients in different regions of the new world. The author claims that it is not meant as a full discription of these various dialects, but rather as a reference tool for researchers to guide them as to what types of phonetic variation to expect.

  18. josh gane

    Deleuze, Gilles. Anti-oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. New York: Viking Press, 1977.
    This groundbreaking book covers everything from Freud’s psychoanlysis to the theories of Shakespeare. It abandons the idea of binaries of any kind, and points out the need to understand how humans function and interact rather than searching for some ultimate truth that may or may not exist. The read is extremly difficult because it is written in a somewhat ‘fragmented’ manner, which is an example of exactly what they are trying to explain.
    Harraway, Donna Jeanne. The Companion Species Manifesto” dogs. people. and significant otherness. Chicago, Ill: Prickly Paradigm, 2003
    This book is written by anthropologist Donna Harroway. Through a series of chapters that demonstrate how certain species, mainly dogs, interact with the world. It points out that a human-centric approach, which projects human characteristics onto dogs and other things is a mislead and desperate assumption. This shows that human perception is limited in certain ways (example: a dogs sense of smell) and therefore we do not experience the same reality at all. The search for this reality seems pointless as there seems to be no way to ever achieve supreme perception (in which case you might be god). Therefore, instead of venturing on this mission, we should instead study and try to understandt how we interact with one another and other species.